National Unity And Integration Essay

So far we have been discussing factors which work against national integration. Now we have to discuss measures for national integration.

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In fact, in dealing with obstacles, our attention is naturally directed towards helpful factors, and we have already referred to the same at relevant places. But for a further clarification, we are reiterating the same onwards:

1. Political integration:

We have already stated earlier that some persons harbor doubts regarding political unity of India. It is true that in the past many rulers established their independent principalities in the country and ruled over them for decades but there has always been a wave which succeeded in binding all the people of this ancient land into one thread.

Our places of pilgrimages, instead of being centered at one particular place, are scattered all over the country. For example, look at the Badrinath, Rameshwaram, Kedarnath, Dwaraka Dham and Jagannathpuri.

They are situated at the four corners of the country. Out religious leaders thought of “one India” and wanted that the people should also feel likewise and should travel throughout the country freely and feel themselves as citizens of one great land.

Since ancient days people have been very much eager to take to pilgrimages and they used to travel throughout the whole country with great reverence. People from the north used to go to pilgrimage in the south and vice- versa.

Similarly, people from the west went to the east and vice-versa. Thus there has always been a cultural give and take and people considered themselves as citizens of one country. Similarly, some big rivers in the various parts of the country have been regarded as holy and worthy of worship.

The Ganga and Yamuna in the north, Godavari in the middle, Krishna and Kaveri in the south, Sindhu in the west, and Brahmaputra in the east are considered as holy and they are worshipped by the entire people of the land.

The mountains situated in various parts of the land also have been similarly honored. Likewise various cities of the country have been accepted as sacred places and also as great cultural centers.

All these prove that our great ancestors have always tried to bind the country into one thread. This cultural unity has always reminded our people that they are citizens of one land. That is why under the banner of Indian National Congress all came irrespective of their different religious loyalties and different stations of life, rich, poor, lower and higher: In the freedom struggle days the unity that our people evinced was genuine and natural.

History is a testimony to the fact that whenever, an able leadership was available the Indian people have presented an example of unity. In the reign of Ashoka and Akbar this type of unity was seen.

During the period of Revolt of 1857, this type of unity was seen, although it could not succeed in its objective due to certain causes. Therefore we have to strengthen the points of unity and discourage the disruptive forces.

2. Emotional unity:

For national integration, the people of the land must come together into one emotional thread. There can be no national integration unless all the people consider themselves as one. Through emotional integration we get the power and implicit sanction of the people for national integration.

A big army may conquer a country but until the power, will and sanction of the people is there, the victor cannot tie the people in one thread. That is why, after victory, a conqueror always tries to seek the approval and sympathy of the people. The history of any country is its testimony.

Therefore for national integration, the most urgent need is for effecting emotional unity of the people. For fulfilling this objective we have to impress on all concerned that India has always been one and it will always remain one.

We have to infuse in them the spirit that culture of India is such that everyone should be proud of it. In fact, this is exactly so. When someone talks about Indian culture in a foreign land then the Indian present there are thrilled.

When we look at the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean in the south, or the Himalayas in the north we are filled in which an emotional wave and we become full of devotion for our land, India. When we see the Ganga, Yamuna, Kaveri, Krishna, Godavari and Brahmaputra, then we consider them as sacred rivers of India and our heart is filled with emotions of reverence.

When China invaded India in 1962, a wave of anger swept over the entire land. The Pakistani invasion of 1965 on India, too, created the same feeling of anger and anguish. Similarly, if any part of our land is invaded, we forget everything and are prepared to sacrifice our lives for the cause of our mother land.

This kind of feeling is all the time present in our people throughout the whole country. Thus we are already bound in one emotional thread. It is for the strengthening of this thread that our poets and writers have attracted the attention of the people through there eulogies of the great rivers, mountain and seas. Through education we have to attract our people towards all these vital points. Then we shall be bound in one emotional thread.

3. Social unity:

In the foregoing pages, we have referred to the various types of social inequalities found in our country on the basis of religion, caste, community, class, regions, wealth and poverty. People of the various factions of society do not have a feeling of sympathy and brotherhood for each other.

For the sake of national integration we should bring the various people together in a common bond. For this some cultural functions should be organized and all should be urged to come to attend the same.

All should be given the idea that everyone’s interest lives in the national interest therefore no community should try to strengthen itself at the cost of national interest. We shall have to forget our loyalties to our religion, caste, region, class and community for the sake of social unity.

Here we mean only to say that all these various loyalties must never be permitted to come against national interest. Evidently, we do mean that one must not love his religion and community.

But there must not be sectarianism and regionalism. We must always remember that the nation should come first and anything else afterwards. It was due to this feeling that people coming to U.S.A. from various religious, sects, groups, states and regions succeeded in establishing a powerful nation.

These people sacrificed their narrow sectarian feelings and attitudes in the interest of their nation. As a result, today the various countries of the world are desirous of having help from U.S.A Thus U.S.A. has now emerged as a world leader in many affairs.

Some political parties in our country have also encouraged groupies, caste and religious loyalties. It is an open secret that in selection the various political parties select candidates for various constituencies on the basis of religion and caste. This is prevalent since 1947 and no political party is free from this narrow bias.

Even some of our great freedom fighters could never summon up the courage to seek election to assemblies and Parliament free from narrow prejudices relating to loyalties for particular religions or communities.

To use religion, caste and community for fighting elections is to misuse the same for narrow political ends against national integration. We shall have to sum all these vicious practices for the sake of national integration.

4. Inter-caste and inter-provincial marriages:

Some people advocate inter-caste and inter-provincial marriages for obtaining national integration. On the very surface, this proposition appears to be unpsychological, if not foolish, because marriages have not to be imposed on any two individuals.

Marriages have to be ceremonized on the explicit consent of the parties concerned. But what is really meant by inter-caste and inter-provincial marriages is that if this happens it must not be frowned at. In fact, it should not be only welcome but should also be encouraged if the concerned two partners themselves offer for the same.

If this practice becomes prevalent, without any pressure from any side, it will definitely strengthen the bond of national integration in due course. However, in view of the prevailing circumstances in the country, it will never be proper to launch a movement for inter-caste and inter-provincial marriages.

5. Economic unity:

Earlier we have already hinted at the economic inequality existing in our country. For the sake of national integration we have to see that no part of the country ii particularly backward from the economic viewpoint. For this the backward classes and the minority people should be accordcd special assistance for their general uplift.

In government services and in distributing economic assistance these people should be given special preferences. Happily, our central government and state governments have started suitable measures in this sphere.

6. The national language:

The issue of national language has become very vital for our national integration. According to the Constitution Hindi in the Devanagari Script has been accepted as the national language and this decision was to be implemented by 1965. But when in 1965, this clause was implemented, in certain parts of south India and in some parts of Calcutta disturbances were encouraged and some youths lost their lives in the same.

The then Prime Minister of India, Sri Lai Bahadur Shastri rushed to the South for effecting calm and peace in the region. Because of these disturbances the problem of national language has become very complex.

Some political leaders of various states in the country are in favor of Hindi as a national language but very judiciously all of them have decided to proceed slowly for Hindi and our leaders have rightly proclaimed that Hindi will never be imposed on any state.

In the interest of national integration this policy of going slow with Hindi appears to be quite appropriate. As long as the people of the other states do not come up on their own in favor of Hindi as a national language, this clause of the Constitution must never be implemented.

We have to encourage the non-Hindi State people with love and sympathy to learn Hindi because it is not honorable for the nation to keep English, a foreign language, as the State language, forever.

Our people in general can never be experts in the use of English. So we shall have to accept some Indian language as the national language. However, this must not imply that English is useless for us.

In fact, it is of great international importance and every educated citizen of the land should try to be as proficient in the use of English as possible. We shall have to depend upon English in the international field and also in the areas of sciences and technologies up to some extent.

So we shall have to make adequate provision for the study of English in our educational institutions but we have to make up our mind about a national language and our Constitution has accepted Hindi as a national language.

Therefore, so long as our Constitution does not specify otherwise, we shall have to continue our efforts for the development of Hindi in order that in future on some day the entire nation accepts Hindi as a national language.

The people of Hindi states must never evince any hurry and restlessness for Hindi, only then the automatic acceptance of Hindi as a national language may be helpful for national integration.

7. Education:

Earlier we have already referred to the importance of education in national integration. Education is a very powerful weapon for national integration. Through education we may give the necessary motivations to children, i.e., the future citizens of the nation.

In the organization of curriculum, in admission in various educational centers and in appointment of teachers our general policy should be such as to encourage the propagation of national elements and not to give any place to caste, religion, class and community.

In the organizations of our schools, colleges and universities preference should be given to national ideas whenever possible only then we shall be able to promote national integration in the students, teachers and the people as a whole. It is true that education should be organized according to local needs, but even in such an organization national elements must never be overlooked.

Essay No. 01

National Integration

A country which has the craze for self rule and in which all the communities consider itself as one is called a nation. Economic independence, culture, language and territorial integration are the ties of a nation. There is a feeling of oneness, unity and commonness in it. India is a country where ‘National Integration’ is heard most. There has been political disunity, and rise and fall of various empires. Different languages are spoken here. People have different food habits. Different religions are propagated here. But Indian culture and customs has united the Indians and promoted a feeling of oneness and common citizenship.

National Integration is a psychological process. It means a will knit society in which all are loyal to their country. National Integration is very important for the all-round development of the country. In fact, its existence depends on it.

There are different climates in India. Food habits are different, crops are different and there is a difference in faiths and beliefs. They wear different dresses. Even the Indian customs and conventions are vast and varied. The people pursued different sects and religions. There is difference even in the lands. The northern area is very fertile. There are hills and mountain ranges here. In south there are deserts, barren lands and plateaus.

As a result, its soil is different in fertility and nature. The taste and temperament color, features are all different. There are fanatic people who create communal disturbances in the name of religion. Casteism, provincialisms are also rampant in our society. Sectarianism and communalism disrupt our inner harmony. The states have been created on the basis of language formula.

In spite of all the diversity of culture India stands united. It is because our constitution was so designed to give equal rights to people every religion, sect, area, sex and culture. We cannot forget the noble service done to this country by Late Sardar Vallahbhai Patel in this direction. He was the iron man of India who wrought miracle by unifying all the numerous essentially needed to keep India alive we cannot allow disintegration of any kind. It is our prestige.

There are forces now that resort to communalism, provincialism and parochialism. They have their vested interest. They do not stand for India. They want it to disintegrate. They are tools in the hands of some foreign elements. They do not like to see India united and strong. Pakistan and Bangladesh are the recent creations carved out of India. We cannot bear further divisions. We have to crush the movements of secession with a strong hand.

Let us promote national integration by doing everything what is possible. Let us encourage all the forces of patriotism along with promotion of good-will and mutual trust among people of different areas, castes, religions. A sincere effort by in this direction. Any negative activity in this regard should out grievances of different sections of people is essential before things go out of control.

Essay No. 2

National Integration

          India is a multi racial and multi religious country. It is a purist State. It is a secular country where the people of all religions worship, without any let or hindrance, according to their religious practices, though subject to law and order.

          Geographically and linguistically, India has a vast variety. It is a unity in diversity. The Indian people in different States and regions eat different kinds of food. They wear different clothes, they speak different languages. They have different castes and they observe different religious practices. Still they are all Indians.

          It is a pity that communal riots take place in different parts of our country off and on. Mostly the innocent, gullible people are incited by political leaders and religious habits to indulge in acts of violence and resort to arson, murder loot mayhem, etc.

          The result is untold loss to life and property mostly of innocent. Such people should be dealt with sternly.

          An awakening and love for the country should be brought about among the common people. These are the innocent illiterate people who are most gullible and most likely to be led astray. Therefore, the literacy campaign should be intensified.

          Students should be given patriotic lectures in colleges and the school and college curricula should include lives of great national leaders. Practice of pilgrimages, fairs, etc. where members of all communities participate should be encouraged.

 

Essay No. 3

 

National Integration

Mahatma Gandhi once said “We have to produce a society of those people who profess different religions, but they live like brothers.” In fact, this statement of Mahatma Gandhi has the essence of national integration in India, where people of different religions live together. The feeling of oneness in different religions, castes, communities and regions is called national integration.

The British rulers sowed the seeds of hatred among the people of different religions in  India, because they believed in the policy of “Divide and Rule”. The British government in India encouraged Muslim League to demand Pakistan on the basis of separate religion and separate nation. But the Constitution of free India lays down that India is a secular state which means that people of different religions have full freedom of worship in this country  and they live like brothers.

National integration means that we should have a true spirit of patriotism in our hearts. We should think that we Indians first and members of a particular religion afterwards. We should consider ourselves part and parcel of our country. We should  always remember the following words of Swami Ram Tirath.

 “The land of India is my own body. The Comorin is my feet and the Himalayas are my head. From my hair flows the Ganga and from my head comes the Brahmaputra. The Vidhyachal is grit round my loins.”

We stand in the need of true patriotism. If all of us become true patriots, there will be no communal riots in this holy land of India. But alas, these riots have been rising their ugly head from time to time in free India. We were justified when we blamed the British rulers in India for encouraging communal riots in this country. But there is no justification  for the communal riots even after getting our independence.

The recent communal riots in Assam, Gujarat, U.P., Delhi and Punjab are a blot on the fair name of our holy country. It is a matter of shame and sorrow that even Hindus and Sikhs of the Punjab, who till now had been living like brothers, have fallen a prey to communal riots after the tragic killing of Indira Gandhi. The need of the hour is that  all Punjabis should consider one another as brothers and live peacefully as such.

India is a vast country, where many languages are spoken by people. This causes a great hindrance in the way of national integration. The people of a country remain united if there is a single national language spoken by all its people. Hindi can become such a national language but people of the South do not own it as their National Language.

Any now, efforts should be made by the Government of India that all people in this country may own Hindi as their national language even if they use English as link language. To achieve national integration, people of all provinces, castes, religions  and linguistic group must be taught to honour the national emblems like National Flag and National Anthem. Provinces should be organized on geographical basis and not on linguistic basis. Beside it a healthy public opinion is to be created in favour of National Integration through the media of Press, Radio and Television. Festivals should promote a sense of oneness and unity among the people. Diwali, Holi, Id and Christmas can be celebrated as National  Festivals. Political parties should be organized on principles and not on the basis of caste, region or region. 

 

Essay No. 04

 

National Integration

India is a sovereign democratic secular State. Here, all the people have equal rights and duties without discrimination on the basis of religion, caste, colour, creed, region, language, etc.

India is a multi-racial and multi religious country. It is a plurist State. It is a secular country where the people of all religions worship, without any let or hindrance, according to their religious practices, though subject to law and order.

Geographically and linguistically, India has a vast variety. It is a unity in diversity. The Indian people in different States and regions eat different kinds of food. They wear different clothes. They speak different languages. They have different castes and they observe different religious practices. Still, they are all Indians.

It is a pity that communal riots take place in different parts of our country off and on. Mostly, the innocent, gullible people are incited by political leaders and religious bigots to indulge in acts of violence and resort to arson, murder, loot, mayhem, etc.

The result is untold loss to life and property, mostly of innocent people. Such people should be dealt with sternly.

An awakening and love for the country should be brought about among the common people. These are the innocent illiterate people who are most gullible and most likely to be led astray. Therefore, the literacy campaign should be intensified.

Intercaste and inter-religious marriages should be less encouraged. People should be encouraged to celebrate together festivals sacred to all religions. Ancient monuments whether temples or mosques should be considered national monuments.

Students should be given patriotic lectures in colleges and the school and college curricula should include lives of great national leaders. Practice of pilgrimages, fairs, etc. where members of all communities. participate should be encouraged.

November 8, 2016evirtualguru_ajaygourEnglish (Sr. Secondary), Languages7 CommentsEnglish 10, English 12, English Essay Class 10 & 12, English Essay Graduation

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