Ethnographic research enables you to describe and explain as well as form interpretations and views of human action within the context of social environments. Your aim is to gain an overall understanding and description of the chosen phenomenon. You will initially make observations from multiple standpoints of an ethnic community and its environment. You will make the observations within the ethnic environment and in concrete interactions with the community.
The emphasis of your ethnographic research strategy will vary between the outsider and insider researcher position. You will, in the outsider position try to distance yourself from your own cultural ties and observe the researched community as an outsider observer. You will, in the insider position participate intensively and empathetically in the life of the researched community. You can use any of the choice of suitable methods of analysis.
Read more on ethnographic research from the links below:
Ethnography. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Ethnography. New World Encyclopedia.
Garson, David, G., 2008. Ethnographic Research. Quantitative Research in Public Administration. North Carolina State University.
Genzuk, Michael, 2003. A Synthesis of Ethnographic Research. Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research Digital Papers Series. Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research, University of Southern California. (pdf)
Presentation on theme: "Ethnographic Research"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ethnographic Research
PhilosophicalEthnographyCara AdamsAnalyzing an EssayByMichael Genzuk entitled:“Synthesis of Ethnographic Research”(Photo taken from USC Rossier School of Education Faculty Listing)
2 Definition of Terms Philosophy: Together: Ethnography:
“As a method, ethnography refers to fieldwork.Literally means “portrait of a people”.Is the art and science of describing a group or a culture.” (Genzuk,1).Philosophy:Oxford English Dictionary defines philosophy as:“The use of reason and argument in seeking truth and knowledge of reality, esp. of the causes and nature of things and the principles of governing existence.”Together:Philosophical Ethnography is the study of ethnographic definition while addressing philosophical truths and theoretical underpinnings.
3 Methodological Principles
Naturalism: “Social Scientists have to be able to capture natural occurring human behavior.Understanding: There is no such thing as humans having fixed responses 100% of the time.Discovery: Theoretical ideas that frame descriptions and explanations over what is being observed are developed over the course of the research” (Genzuk, 4-5)
4 Guidelines for Fieldwork and Interviewing
“Be descriptive in taking field notes. Get a variety of information from a variety of perspectives. Use many different kinds of methods (observations, interviews, program documentation, recordings, and photographs).” (Genzuk, 6-7).Interviewing:“Your aim is to achieve situational responses and sensitivity to get the best data possible.” (Genzuk, 7-9).
5 Ethics and Validity “Ethics
Analyzing, interpreting, and reporting findings.Qualitative description.Reporting findings.Balance between description and analysis.” (Genzuk, 10-13).There is a need to be concerned about a study‘s truthfulness and validity, while looking or the truth and knowledge in selected groups or cultures. It can be done. Not easily, but it can be done.